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Welcome to the Republic of Ireland!



The island of Ireland is divided into two parts; Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. This guide focusses on Eire, the Republic of Ireland.


Located in the northern Atlantic Ocean, Ireland is a lush green country of around 4.9 million people. The thriving modern city of Dublin is the capital and is located on the east coast.


Ireland has a fascinating history and has been influenced by settlers and invaders from all over Europe – especially by the Celts and more recently, the English. Ireland gained its independence in the early 20th Century and has forged ahead to become one of the wealthiest countries in the world.


Ireland is also birthplace to some well-known authors such as Jonathan Swift (who wrote Gulliver’s Tales), James Joyce (who wrote Ulysses), and the poet W.B. Yeats – possibly their most well-loved Irish poet.


Additionally, Ireland has some unique sports (Gaelic football and hurling) which

we look at in more depth in the CWS Guide to Ireland. Check out more stats and figures below, grab a free printable, or head over to the shop to download the full 50+ page guide.

Our map of Ireland's Top Spots!

The Vital Stats:

  • Population: 4.9 million (2019)

  • Area: 70,273 sq km (118th in the world)

  • Capital: Dublin

  • Official Language: Irish, English

  • Say Hello: Dia duit

  • Currency: Euro

  • Anthem: Amhrán na bhFiann” (The Soldier’s Song)

  • The Irish drive on the: Left of the road

Did you know?

  • Hurling, a hugely popular stick and ball game in Ireland has prehistoric origins, and has been played for 4,000 years!

  • The design of Ireland’s national harp symbol is based on the Brian Boru harp (the 11th century High King of Ireland), which is in Trinity College, Dublin. However, this harp has since been dated to the 14th or 15th century and so cannot have actually belonged to him.

  • In Ireland, the head of the government is the Taoiseach (pronounced tee-shuck), which means “chief.”

a sample recipe and activity from the full

Ireland: Explore-the-World-from-Home Guide

Love this? Try the Ireland Guide at the shop >>