Arthur Conan Doyle - Mystery Writer from Scotland

Artwork by Belle, age 9

Words by Ava, age 12


Arthur Conan Doyle

Born: 22 May 1859

Died: 7 July 1930 (aged 71)

Known for: legendary author (also a doctor!)

Arthur Conan Doyle - Legendary author, best known for the Sherlock Holmes stories

Personal History

Sir Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle was born on the 22nd of May 1859 in Edinburgh, Scotland. He was an author and doctor and is most famous for his spectacular book series Sherlock Holmes!


His mum and dad were Mary and Charles. Charles was an artist. At Arthur’s ninth birthday some wealthier family members paid for his studies and he was sent to England where he spent seven years at a Jesuit boarding school. Arthur did not like school in England. After he graduated he decided instead of following his family tradition and pursuing an artistic career that he would study medicine.


Arthur studied at Edinburgh University where he met some of the most famous writers of his time: including James Barrie and Robert Louis Stevenson. One of Arthurs teacher’s, Dr Joseph Bell, became inspiration for the world-famous detective Sherlock Holmes.


The Doctor Becomes an Author

After his studies, and a little bit of exploring the world, Arthur rented a house and started up a doctor’s practice. In 1885 he married the sister of one of his patients, her name was Louisa Hawkins. In March of 1886 Arthur started working on the famous story: A Study in Scarlet. In 1887 the story was published in Beeton's Christmas Annual.


After a trip to Europe Arthur decided to open a new medical practice in Wimpole Street, London. He had no patients and so ended up with a lot of time to think and write short stories. Arthur made a deal with The Strand magazine and got them to publish his short stories.


In May of 1891 Arthur was hit with a bad case of influenza which had him on death’s door for several days. After this he decided to give up his medical career and concentrate on writing.


His Last Days


Arthur studied at Edinburgh University where he met some of the most famous writers of his time: including James Barrie and Robert Louis Stevenson. One of Arthur's teacher’s, Dr Joseph Bell, became inspiration for the world-famous detective Sherlock Holmes.

In 1902, Arthur Conan Doyle was knighted by King Edward VII. Would you believe that he wasn’t knighted because of his stories of Sherlock Holmes (maybe the world’s most famous detective?!) but instead because he wrote a non-fiction pamphlet about the Boer War called: The War in South Africa: It's Causes and Conducts – crazy!!!

On the 7th of July 1930 Arthur Conan Doyle died of a heart attack at the age of 71.

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