Artwork by Ava, age 12
Words by Ava, age 12
Born: 12 June 1929
Died: February 1945
“How wonderful it is that nobody need wait a single moment before starting to improve the world.”
– Anne Frank
Anne Frank was a girl who lived during World War II. She is famous for keeping a diary that was turned into a book called The Diary of Anne Frank. Anne was Jewish and her diary explains what life during World War II was like as a Jewish person in hiding.
Anne was born on the 12th of June, 1929 in Frankfurt, Germany. She had a sister, Margot, who was three years older than her. Anne’s parents’ names were Edith and Otto. At this time Adolf Hitler was gathering followers and there was a lot of unemployment in Germany. Edith and Otto decided to move to Amsterdam.
Otto soon started a company selling pectin. Anne went to a Dutch school near her home. On the 1st of September, 1939, the Nazis invaded Poland and World War II started.
On the 10th of May, 1940, the Nazis invaded the Netherlands and after five days, the Dutch army surrendered. The Nazis started introducing laws that limited the things that Jewish people could do, like, they weren’t allowed to go to parks, cinemas or non-Jewish shops. They also weren’t allowed to run their own businesses so Otto lost his company. Anne had to go to a Jewish school.
In the Spring of 1942, Otto started fixing up a hiding place in the annex of his business premises and the Frank family moved in. They were soon joined by four other people. On her 13th birthday, just before they moved into the hiding place, Anne was given a diary which she wrote in for the two years they were in hiding. On the 4th of August, 1944, everyone in the hideout was discovered and arrested. Two people who helped the Frank family took Anne’s diary before the Nazis emptied the hiding place.
Anne and her family were put on a train to Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration and extermination camp. Anne, Margot, and Edith were sent to a labour camp for women and Otto was sent to a labour camp for men. In early November, Anne and Margot were sent to Bergen-Belsen concentration camp without Edith and Otto. In February 1945, Anne and Margot caught typhus and they both died because of it.
After Otto was released from the concentration camp he learned that Edith and his two daughters were dead. Otto moved back to the Netherlands and was given Anne’s diary. He eventually published The Diary of Anne Frank in June 1947. Anne’s story became famous worldwide. Anne is known for continuing to have hope in the worst of circumstances.